Turquie vakantie

Ervaar Turquie

Best Places to Visit

Istanbul is the star attraction of Turkey. It's one of the world's greatest cities and has been enchanting travellers for centuries with its fantastic mix of culture, religion and entertainment. Istanbul has several historical sites and religious spectacles to see, including mosques, churches and ancient palaces. Grab a boat cruise on the Bosphorus, explore Byzantine catacombs, then party the night away.

The Turquoise Coast is a magical must-see beach destination on holidays to Turkey. Its resorts and islands strung along the Aegean Sea are revered thanks to a mix of ancient sites and cool beach towns like Bodrum and Ölüdeniz. Ideal for families and couples alike, these make for versatile destinations in which to enjoy typical holiday entertainment alongside trips to nearby national parks and historical architecture and ruins. The ultra-adventurous can even try out hair-raising sports such as paragliding from the summit of the Babadağ mountain.

Central Anatolia is home to the capital Ankara, a buzzing modern metropolis that is also littered with ancient Hittite sites and the eerie moonscape of Cappadocia. The fairy chimneys, underground cities and churches carved into rock cliffs at Cappadocia are reasons enough to visit this huge interior region.

Konya is one of Turkey's larger cities and home to the fascinating Sufi order. Step into another world with the elegant medieval Seljuk architecture, visit the tomb of the mystic Sufi poet Rumi and perhaps even witness a Whirling Dervish.

The monasteries and subterranean cities of Cappadocia simply must be seen to be believed. These ancient feats of engineering are also works of art, created in a world where early Christians fled from persecution. The results linger today, with painted fresco churches and entire cities carved into the area's many fairy chimneys.

Turkey's Mediterranean Coast is just as beautiful as the Aegean, with the popular city of Antalya as its anchor. With a history stretching back to 158 BC, Antalya offers a wealth of modern fun, fabulous beaches and a rich timeline that defines the history of southern Turkey. As well as the typical European tourist attractions like waterparks and beaches, Antalya offers the stunning Duden Waterfalls for nature lovers and the surprisingly intact Hadrian's Gate, a three-arched gateway made almost entirely of marble.

The west coast of Turkey is home to some of its finest ancient sites, such as Ephesus, a wonderfully preserved Roman city. Troy and Pergamum are also within striking distance from the main city of the region, Izmir, a decent destination in its own right.

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Need to know

Language

Turkish is the official language of Turkey and by far the most heavily used throughout the country. The modern Turkish language, also known as Istanbul Turkish, is a lot different to the older Ottoman Turkish that was once spoken in the western regions. Ottoman Turkish had Persian, Arabic and Turkish influence and would now be misunderstood by a lot of the Turkish population, especially those born after the 1940s. Approximately 75 per cent of the nation speaks this modern Turkish, followed by Kurdish at 15 per cent. Turks involved in commerce and tourism typically speak several other languages, including English and many European languages. English-speaking visitors on Turkey holidays should have no problem speaking to local service staff in English.

Currency

Although the Turkish lira (TL) is used everyday, euros and US dollars are also accepted for high-priced items like hotel rooms and carpets. Currency exchange kiosks (döviz bürosu) will change cash for free while banks typically charge a fee. ATMs are easy to find in cities but charge transaction fees and are occasionally out of use. Relying on a mix of cash and credit cards is the best strategy when planning package holidays to Turkey.

Visas

Tourist visas good for 90 days are issued on arrival for citizens of almost every country. The visa fee varies by nationality but payment can be made in euros, dollars, sterling or lira. It is typically around US$20 for Brits, Australians and Americans. Make sure your passport is valid for six months past your date of entry into Turkey.

Climate

Turkey's sheer size makes for a wide range of contrasting climates. Spring (April to May) and autumn (October to November) are best for Istanbul and ancient outdoor sites while June to September are ideal for seaside trips along the Mediterranean and Aegean. Summer in the coastal areas of the Black Sea is wetter than the coastal regions of the Mediterranean and Aegean, although both are warm. Expect big crowds throughout summer at tourist hot spots and beach resorts, but during winter most seaside resorts close. Spring and autumn may see some rain but the lack of crowds is a worthy compromise.

Main Airports

Turkey's largest city, Istanbul, is also home to the country's main gateway, Ataturk International Airport. Nearly every global carrier has regular services flying into Istanbul, where onward air connections can easily be arranged. Ankara's Esenboäÿa Airport is another option for direct international flights, while regional airports in popular resort towns like Antalya and Izmir have good seasonal flight schedules.

Flight Options

Regular direct flights operate from the UK throughout the year. Common routes for travellers are between Manchester and Istanbul, and London to Istanbul, Antalya and Izmir.

Travel Advice

The summer season is when prices are highest to Turkey, so consider a trip during the shoulder seasons of April to May or October to November for the best savings. Taxis are always easiest for airport transport in Turkey, but Istanbul's Ataturk International has a metro station convenient for those travelling light.

Other Transport Options

It is certainly possible to travel from London to Turkey by train, though the journey is more of a romantic adventure than a quick trip. It takes three days and involves several train changes, starting with the Eurostar to Paris, then the Orient Express to Vienna and a couple of other transfers to reach Istanbul.

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Feiten

  1. Veel mensen zien de tulp als een nationale bloem van Nederland, maar ze zijn eigenlijk overgekomen uit Turkije in de 16e eeuw.
  2. Wees niet verbaasd als je kip tegenkomt op het dessertmenu in een restaurant. Een traditionele Ottomaanse pudding is tavuk göğsü, een romig en zoet gerecht met kaneel en ...kipfilet.
  3. Turkije heeft een ongelofelijke aantal van 16 plaatsen aangemerkt staan als UNESCO Werelderfgoed, en dan zijn de tientallen plaatsen die in aanmerking zouden kunnen komen niet eens meegerekend. Dit land is gedrenkt in fascinerende geschiedenis, van de Mesolithische Tempel van Göbekli Tepe tot Gallipoli.

Feiten

  1. Veel mensen zien de tulp als een nationale bloem van Nederland, maar ze zijn eigenlijk overgekomen uit Turkije in de 16e eeuw.
  2. Wees niet verbaasd als je kip tegenkomt op het dessertmenu in een restaurant. Een traditionele Ottomaanse pudding is tavuk göğsü, een romig en zoet gerecht met kaneel en ...kipfilet.
  3. Turkije heeft een ongelofelijke aantal van 16 plaatsen aangemerkt staan als UNESCO Werelderfgoed, en dan zijn de tientallen plaatsen die in aanmerking zouden kunnen komen niet eens meegerekend. Dit land is gedrenkt in fascinerende geschiedenis, van de Mesolithische Tempel van Göbekli Tepe tot Gallipoli.

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