Israël vakantie

Ervaar Israël

Best Places to Visit

A holiday to Israel is a journey to the cradle of civilisation that defines the world today. The lands here have been occupied by Jews, Persians, Babylonians, Romans, Greeks and many others. Perhaps this history is most felt in Jerusalem, one of the oldest cities in the world and whose old quarter, simply called the Old City, is a World Heritage site.

Christians and those interested in history, biblical or otherwise, may want to visit the cities of Nazareth and Bethlehem (Palestine territory accessible from Jerusalem). Both places were significant in Jesus' life, with Bethlehem his birthplace and Nazareth his hometown.

There are many other historical sites in Israel. In the Judaean Desert, visitors can go to Masada, an ancient fortification which was important to the First Jewish-Roman War. There's also Caesarea National Park on the coast, the site of the well-preserved remains of an ancient Roman city where the Pilate Stone was discovered. Visitors can see impressive ruins of a Roman aqueduct, theatre, hippodrome and temple dedicated to Caesar.

As for sites of nature, Israel has the vast and arid Judaean Desert, with its dunes and canyons occupying central and southern Israel and the Sea of Galilee, the country's largest freshwater lake, often mentioned in the Bible.

Of course, most tourists will likely pass through Israel's modern economic capital of Tel Aviv. Located along the Mediterranean coast, Tel Aviv is a vibrant, cosmopolitan urban centre that is home to several markets, malls, amusement parks, museums and an exciting nightlife.

Haifa is Israel's third-largest city and a great place to visit. It is the largest metropolitan area in the north and home to the Bahá'í World Centre, the administrative and spiritual capital of the Bahá'í religion. The beautiful terraces and gardens here are listed by UNESCO World Heritage.

When done visiting religious and historical sites, holidaymakers in Israel can head to the country's far south. The tiny strip of coastline facing the Gulf of Aqaba is the location of the country's premier beach resort, Eilat. Nestled next to the Red Sea, Eilat hosts an array of beaches with calm water and beautiful coral reefs, perfect for snorkelling and diving. It is also situated close to several tourist attractions, from trekking in the Red Canyon and exploring Timna Park to swimming with dolphins and even braving a shark tank at the Underwater Observatory Marine Park.

Need to know

Language

Hebrew and Arabic are the two main languages of Israel. Hebrew is the native tongue of nearly half the population, with around 18 per cent speaking Arabic. However, English is used on many road signs, product labels and other symbols in Israel. English is also taught within the Israeli education system. Many locals, not only those who work in the tourism industry, can communicate with foreigners in English. Over 90% of Jews and over 60% of Arabs have a good understanding of Hebrew.

Currency

The official currency of Israel is the Israeli shekel. In major destinations, tourists may be quoted in US dollars or euros, especially for credit card transactions. Major credit cards are widely accepted and ATMs are available throughout major cities. As for travellers' cheques, it is best to carry them in US dollars. Finally, foreign money can easily be exchanged in the many exchange shops, banks and hotels around the country.

Visas

Visitor visas to Israel are valid for three months of travel within the country. However, nationals of the UK, most EU countries, the US, Canada and Australia can enter the country visa-free. These nationals only need to present a passport which is valid for six months beyond the entry date and a return ticket.

Climate

Israel sits between the subtropical aridity of Egypt and the subtropical humid climate of the eastern Mediterranea. This means Israel recieves long, hot summers and short, cool winters. Winter (November to March) can be chilly, especially in the north, and is also when most of the country's annual rainfall occurs. This usually takes place in the north, with less than 100mm falling in the extreme south, on average. Summer (April to October) is warm to hot. In the major city of Tel Aviv, located along the Mediterranean coast in Central Israel, winter temperatures average 9 to 17°C, while summer temperatures average 24 to 30°C. Spring and autumn are the best times to visit.

Main Airports

The main gateway to Israel is Ben Gurion International Airport and services the two major cities of Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. It is located over 50 kilometres miles from Jerusalem and 24 kilometres from Tel Aviv. It receives flights from all over Europe, North America, Asia and a few countries in Africa. In the country's far south, Ovda Airport is the country's second airport and receives international flights.

Flight Options

Major carriers use Ben Gurion International Airport as their hub. National carriers fly to and from London, Amsterdam, Paris, Frankfurt and New York. Other carriers fly from London-Heathrow and London-Luton direct to Ben Gurion. A direct flight from London to Ben Gurion usually takes around 4 hours, 50 minutes.

Travel Advice

It is best to check for deals when travel is low, as savings can sometimes be made. Trains operate from the station at Terminal 3 of Ben Gurion International Airport, taking visitors to Tel Aviv, Haifa, Modi'in and many other cities.

Other Transport Options

Land routes are open for travellers coming from Egypt and Jordan. There are buses from Amman in Jordan to Tel Aviv, Nazareth and Haifa in Israel. From Cairo, Egypt, there are buses to Jerusalem.

Kaart

Température moyenne (°C)

  • 18

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  • 18

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  • 20

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  • 24

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  • 27

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  • 29

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  • 31

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  • 31

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  • 30

    S

  • 28

    O

  • 24

    N

  • 19

    D

Mois

Précipitations (mm)

  • 137

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  • 97

    F

  • 58

    M

  • 20

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  • 3

    M

  • 0

    J

  • 0

    J

  • 0

    A

  • 0

    S

  • 28

    O

  • 94

    N

  • 151

    D

Mois

Feiten

  1. Israël heeft de grootste verzameling gebouwen in Bauhausstijl in de hele wereld. Meer dan 4000 staan er in de 'Witte Stad' van Tel Aviv. Deze werden gebouwd door Duitse joodse architecten in de jaren dertig van de 20e eeuw.
  2. Technologie heeft goed gedijd in Israël. De belangrijkste onderdelen van de eerste mobiele telefoon zijn door Motorola in Israël ontwikkeld, de voicemailtechnologie is hier ontstaan en ook de eerste antivirussoftware is hier ontwikkeld.
  3. De Dode Zee staat bekend om zijn ongewoon hoge zoutgehalte en is ook het laagste punt op aarde, op maar liefst 429 meter onder zeeniveau.

Feiten

  1. Israël heeft de grootste verzameling gebouwen in Bauhausstijl in de hele wereld. Meer dan 4000 staan er in de 'Witte Stad' van Tel Aviv. Deze werden gebouwd door Duitse joodse architecten in de jaren dertig van de 20e eeuw.
  2. Technologie heeft goed gedijd in Israël. De belangrijkste onderdelen van de eerste mobiele telefoon zijn door Motorola in Israël ontwikkeld, de voicemailtechnologie is hier ontstaan en ook de eerste antivirussoftware is hier ontwikkeld.
  3. De Dode Zee staat bekend om zijn ongewoon hoge zoutgehalte en is ook het laagste punt op aarde, op maar liefst 429 meter onder zeeniveau.

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