Bulgarie vakantie

Ervaar Bulgarie

Best Places to Visit

Formed around the Maritsa River, Ancient Plovdiv is the heart of the city of the same name. Europe's oldest continually inhabited town was first raised 8,000 years ago. It has witnessed conquering Romans, the Ottoman Empire and the forces of Communism. It boasts a Roman amphitheatre, ancient churches, mosques, city walls and charming medieval streets.

Set in dramatic countryside, the Seven Rila Lakes were formed by glacial erosion and are known by names which denote their unique qualities. Salzata (The Tear) is named for its crystal-clear waters and Ribnoto Ezero (The Fish Lake) is noted for its fantastic fishing. Hiking and trekking on holidays to Bulgaria is best in July and August, as the lakes are frozen for much of the year.

The UNESCO World Heritage city of Nessebar lies on the coast of the Black Sea and is a medieval cityscape of tiny, cobbled streets, and ancient buildings. Once part of the harbour city of Mesembria, now lost beneath the waves, Nessebar has numerous beautiful churches among its highlights, perfect for religious travellers but also for anyone with an interest in local architecture.

Veliko Tarnovo is home to the ruined castle of Tsaravets, with its Patriarchal and Royal palaces, and the inner city fortress of Trapezitsa. Set in the northern mountains, its Old City has traditional Renaissance houses overlooking the Yantra River and a selection of historical museums. A small jaunt just outside of the city and you will find the Preobrazhenie Monastery – one of the largest of its kind in the area.

Skiing in winter is one of the most popular activities here, with the town of Bansko a perfect family destination. The slopes here are great for both young and old beginners, although there's not much to attract experts. A short drive away is the Four Paws Bear Sanctuary at Belitsa Bear Park, a haven for former dancing bears who now peacefully roam free.

Bulgaria's Valley of the Thracian Kings comprises 1,500 burial mounds lining the sides of the road which leads to the spectacular Shipka Pass. The stone-built tombs of the rich sit side-by-side with less imposing monuments, with six now open to the public. It"s still unknown which classes of the ancient society were entitled to be buried here. Again, this is a worthy addition to any Bulgaria holidays itinerary, and a spiritual experience not to be missed - it's certainly something you can't do in many other locations around the world.

Nos meilleures offres en Bulgarie

Need to know

Language

Bulgarian is the official language of the country, with English spoken in Sofia, Plovdiv, the Black Sea coastal resorts and other major tourist destinations. Russian is also commonly spoken, especially by public transport workers, so stay close to the major resorts and hospitality establishments if you want to avoid a language barrier that is difficult to overcome.

Currency

The Bulgarian currency is the lev, with BGN 1 divided into 100 stotinki. Foreign money is not normally accepted here, although the euro can be used at some outlets. Bulgaria operates a cash economy in its rural areas, but international credit and debit cards are accepted in major cities. Money exchanges are located all over the cities; however, banks are the best places to exchange currency as their rates are competitive. Street money changers should be avoided at all costs. In major cities, towns and resorts, ATMs are easily found but are rare in rural districts, so don't assume you can withdraw cash easily when you need it.

Visas

Bulgaria is a non-fully implemented member of Schengen, with EU and EFTA citizens able to enter visa-free with an ID card or passport for a stay of any length. US citizens and visitors from Australia, Canada and New Zealand can enter visa-free for a stay of not more than three months on production of a valid passport and ticket for onward travel. All other nationalities should check online or at a Bulgarian embassy for visa requirements.

Climate

Bulgaria's geographic position ensures one of the most dramatic weather patterns of any European country. The north is much cooler and wetter than the southern regions, and temperatures vary wildly across the regions and seasons. The lowest temperature recorded is -38.3°C and the highest is 45.2°C. The Continental air masses bring heavy snow during the winter season. Winter temperatures in Sofia average freezing, with summer highs of around 28°C, while the south-eastern summer highs are a scorching 35°C or more, with winter averaging 10°C. The shoulder seasons of spring and autumn are generally pleasant.

Main Airports

Bulgaria has four international airports: Sofia, Burgas, Plovdiv and Varna. Full-service flights serve the London-Heathrow to Sofia route while budget flights run from London-Gatwick, London-Luton and Manchester.

Flight Options

Sofia Airport lies just outside the city and offers flights from London-Heathrow, London-Gatwick, and Manchester. There are also seasonal routes Birmingham and Bristol. Burgas Airport serves low-cost flights to London-Luton as well as seasonal flights to London-Gatwick and smaller UK domestic airports.

Travel Advice

Travelling outside the summer high season is the best way to save money, although charter companies often offer last-minute bargains on all-inclusive deals which may be around the same cost as a flight alone. Shoulder season holidays in Bulgaria are usually cheaper, and winter visitors outside the festive season should be able to save on flights and accommodation. Bus, taxi, airport shuttle and hire car are options from the main airports.

Other Transport Options

Travelling from London to Bulgaria by train is a romantic experience that is reasonably straightforward. Take the train from London to Paris, picking up the overnight sleeper to Munich at Gare de Paris-Est. From Munich, the train runs to Bucharest through amazing alpine scenery. From Bucharest, a daytime train runs direct to Sofia and is another scenic ride.

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Feiten

  1. Bulgarije wordt al sinds ten minste het Paleolithicum door mensen bewoond, en hier gevonden dierlijke botten met insnijdingen zijn de oudste voorbeelden van het gebruik van geschreven symbolen door de mens.
  2. De naam van het land betekent waarschijnlijk 'mengen', maar het is onduidelijk of dit verwijst naar de mengelmoes van etniciteiten in de stammen vroeger of naar het explosieve gemengde gedrag van de stammen met hun overwegend rebelse houding.
  3. Bulgarije is een breed land dat doormidden wordt gesneden door de hoge pieken van het Balkangebergte.

Feiten

  1. Bulgarije wordt al sinds ten minste het Paleolithicum door mensen bewoond, en hier gevonden dierlijke botten met insnijdingen zijn de oudste voorbeelden van het gebruik van geschreven symbolen door de mens.
  2. De naam van het land betekent waarschijnlijk 'mengen', maar het is onduidelijk of dit verwijst naar de mengelmoes van etniciteiten in de stammen vroeger of naar het explosieve gemengde gedrag van de stammen met hun overwegend rebelse houding.
  3. Bulgarije is een breed land dat doormidden wordt gesneden door de hoge pieken van het Balkangebergte.

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